Between THE Margins
This report explores the impact of the armed conflict in Syria on social relations. It uses the concept of social capital as an approach to analyzing various aspects of social relations, such as trust, cooperation, and shared values.
The Syrian revolt, which has disintegrated into a bloody attrition war, has been largely viewed as that of a majority Sunni population trying to depose a regime belonging to the minority Alawite sect. While this view may present a partially true explanation, it fails to explain why the involvement of different Sunni regions in the revolt varied to a large extent and the rising gap between the anti-Assad urbanites on the one hand and the armed militants on the other. It further fails to account for the wide diversity within the rebellion camp and the hostilities among the mushrooming opposition groups.
- PATEL, David: Myths related to Sykes-Picot
- PURSLEY, Sara: Iraq's Borders and the Legend of the Artificial State
What does the impact of the Syrian war look like from space?
Sitting at the window of my Bethnal Green flat, I have become accustomed to such an exchange. Hoping to probe more deeply into the lives of my participants, I would often ask them to tell me what they had done during the day, only to be met with an exchange that presented “a challenge for cultural analysis” (Ehn and Lofgren 2009: 99).
In the aftermath of the 2003 U.S.-led invasion of Iraq, Ayatollah Ali al-Sistani emerged as one of the most influential voices in Iraq.
The US has struck the Syrian airbase used to launch a suspected sarin gas attack against Khan Sheikhun that killed more than 80 civilians. US President Donald Trump and Secretary of State Rex Tillerson cited the chemical attack as the reason for their country’s first direct involvement in Syria’s six-year war.
Infrastructure for Peace or Hegemonic Pathways?
This paper argues that ‘Peace Infrastructures’ in Syria have disguised hegemonic power relations as seemingly ‘neutral’ and ‘innocent’ initiatives that promote tolerance, coexistence and Islam. Both government and local intermediaries have used these relevant infrastructures to expand their sociopolitical influence. Hence, based on the Syrian experience, infrastructures for peace and the associated efforts to incorporate and institutionalize local, state and mid-level participation toward localized peace, have been ultimately conflict-engendering, hegemonic pathways for power consolidation. From this perspective, employing the term ‘Infrastructures for peace’ without taking into account its correlations with power and hegemonic structures, leads to the reification of the topic and conceals significant questions about its nature.
Ardeshir Mehrdad. Thank you professor Aziz Al Azmeh for agreeing to this interview. Our world is entering a grave crisis. War and terrorism feed off escalating poverty, with a backdrop of accelerating environmental destruction; resistance is hampered by the shattering of human solidarity, exacerbated by national, religious and ethnic conservatism. The Middle East is the clearest expression of this crisis, so it’s apt to start our dialogue here.
المركز السوري لبحوث السياسات
يشخص تقرير التصدع الاجتماعي أثر النزاع المسلح في سوريا على العلاقات الاجتماعية من خلال استخدام مفهوم رأس المال الاجتماعي مدخلاً لتحليل الثقة والتعاون والقيم المشتركة. ويطور البحث دليلاً مركباً لقياس رأس المال الاجتماعي استناداً إلى مسح ميداني متعدد الأغراض. ويساعد تحليل هذا الدليل عبر الزمن والمناطق وتفصيل مكوناته ودراسة محدداته في فهم حالة التصدع الاجتماعي في سوريا. ويقترح التقرير سياسات بديلة لتجاوز الآثار الاجتماعية الكارثية للنزاع.